What is Decarboxylation?

Decarboxylation is the process where the psychoactive compounds in marijuana are released to get you high when you smoke or consume weed products. There are several ways to achieve this as long as they involve heat, and we will discuss them at length in this article. 

Why You Need to Decarboxylate CBD Strains

Weed as it is can do no harm in that it doesn’t get you high. THCA is the same as anything you would work with each time until the compounds that get you high are activated. This is the process of decarboxylation that can be done at home. 

Blunts and joints are lit to combust them, which makes the process we are talking about happen, though not in the same way it does in ovens. When you activate the components that make weed what it is famed for, you realize why this process is as important.

When dried or cured, a few compounds that will get you some level of high will be released, but heating is the mother of all processes as it releases the highest number of psychoactive compounds. At this point, we note that raw weed has nutritional value without the associated highness. If you want a truly exceptional experience of CBD products with the desired level of THC, you have to decarboxylate your weed.   

Temperature and Decarboxylation

Most people do not agree on the time it takes to get your weed properly decarbed, but the one thing that remains – and that should matter the most – is the temperature. Terpenes and cannabinoids are sensitive and will be ruined by too much heat, so you want to keep it at a minimum. You would rather cook your stash for longer at lower temperatures than vice versa. 

Ways to Decarboxylate Cannabis

There are several ways to do this, with the oven being the most popular as it is easy and guarantees good results. Some people add it to oil in the last stages of cooking, which still gets the job done as long as you don’t keep it on the fire for too long. Crockpots and stoves are also used where ovens lack. The key thing to have in mind when working your weed is the amount of heat. 

How to Decarb Weed in an Oven

Before you think of decarboxylation in oil, you want to remember that the temperatures in the oven are not always accurate. They fluctuate by about 20 degrees at a time, and it serves you better to keep an eye on them during the process. If you notice the weed burning, turn the heat off to prevent further damage. 

This is how to de carb weed in an oven. 

Ingredients and Tools 

  • Weed
  • A grinder (if that’s how you prefer to shred your buds and flower)
  • Baking sheet
  • Foil or parchment paper
  • An oven.

Decarboxylation step-by-step how-to guide:

  1. Preheat the oven to 245 degrees F, and then place your lined baking sheet in the middle as heat distributes better at that level. The top rack heats up faster, while the bottom doesn’t get as much heat as required. The middle rack is optimal. 
  2. Break your cannabis on the sheet, and if you prefer ground pieces, go ahead and grind it first. 
  3. Let your product bake, but stir it often to prevent burning, as well as ensure each part is subjected to the required heat. You want it to remain in the oven for 30-40 minutes before removing it. 
  4. Let it cool for about 30 minutes before transferring it into storage ideally. It should be slightly browned when decarbed properly. 
  5. After it cools down, add your decarboxylated cannabis to butter or any other base you have in mind to support your preferred use. 

Decarboxylated cannabis can keep for up to a year, though it’s mostly recommended to use it within six months. If kept for too long, it will not go bad, but the THC could degrade to CBN, making one sleepy. So, unless you want a product that gives you instant coach lock, make enough to last half a year or less.  

At What Temperature Does Decarboxylation Occur? 

The sweet spot is between 200 and 245ºF to prevent the weed from burning and scorching all the terpenes that you want to release. For edibles, you can make it a constant 245ºF for 30-40 minutes to bring out all the goodness and get the best product for your gummies, drinks, and cookies.

You will also want to consider the time it will take to finish making the edibles, potentially exposing your product to even more heat, so lower heat for longer is ideal than more for a shorter period. If you heat your marijuana for too long or in heat that exceeds what we mentioned, you will end up with a burnt product that has lost its desired aroma and effect. 


Now that you know more about decarboxylation cannabis, do you feel more informed? Has your THC opinion changed, and would you consider it if you are not a smoker? There is usually so much to learn about marijuana and the products from this plant, and this alone makes it an exciting topic to read about each day.

If you are looking for a resource that touches on every part of marijuana, from brands and products to growing tips and consumption culture, you may want to check Ask Growers. You will read more on canna culture, the things to expect when you smoke for the first time, the best ways to use marijuana products, and the various strains on the market. Check the site out for that and more. 

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